World of Real Estate Journal 84 (2/2013) - Table of Contents

REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT

1) Dariusz Felcenloben – The concept of an aerial parcel as a spatial object allowing registration of three-dimensional property rights – 3D cadastre
2) Dariusz Kloskowski – Problems of real estate economy in seaside municipalities where military objects are located
3) Marlena Jankowska, Mirosław Pawełczyk – Ownership in good faith as grounds for the acquisitive prescription of a predial servitude

MARKET

4) Justyna Brzezicka – The seasonal character of real estate market
5) Magdalena Frańczuk – Rent to Buy a Home – basic principles of the system. Comparison against the Polish law

PROBLEMS OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT

6) Janusz Jeżak, Maciej W. Wierzchowski – A Dilemma of urbanization: sprawling or compact growth

FINANCE

7) Beata Ziembicka – The building energy rating for the process of real estate valuation
8) Piotr Mirowski – Taxation of public-limited liability partnership companies in the aspect of developers’ tax optimization - conclusions of the Supreme Administrative Court resolution
9) Krzysztof Gradkowski – Method for determining value of earth structures in the context of local charges and taxes

LAW

10) Dominik Sypniewski – Building law reform: deregulation of construction permit

CHANGES IN REAL ESTATE LAW

11) Maciej J. Nowak - Clarification of a public purpose in The Real Estate Act DOWNLAND

CONFERENCES

12) Michał Głuszak  – 29th Conference of American Real Estate Society (Mauna Lani Bay, Hawaii, 9th - 13th April 2013) DOWNLAND

ON THE PUBLISHING MARKET

13) Piotr Bartkowiak – Andrzej Jaki, „Mechanizmy procesu zarządzania wartością przedsiębiorstwa” – review DOWNLAND

SUMMARIES

Dariusz Felcenloben - The concept of an aerial parcel as a spatial object allowing registration of three-dimensional property rights – 3D cadastre

In the presented article a legal issue was shown regarding the possibility of introducing into the Polish legal system a concept of three-dimensional real estate (aerial parcel) and the need to define more precisely the spatial limits of property rights. This issue was presented against the background of legal system solutions in this field existing in the USA, Sweden and Norway. The need for new institutional arrangements was preceded by a discussion of current enrollment policy in Poland of the separate ownership of buildings and the establishment of rights for their usage. Article also includes comments on the necessity of building a multi-dimensional real estate cadastre, enabling registration of spatially separated objects (including, in particular, buildings, structures, premises and other building objects and technical infrastructure) and all rights associated with them, and their visualization in three dimensions.

Key words: real estate cadastre; 3D real estate; three-dimensional property rights; air parcel

Citation (APA): Felcenloben, D. (2013). Pojęcie działki powietrznej jako obiektu przestrzennego umożliwiającego rejestracje trójwymiarowych praw do nieruchomości – Kataster 3D. Świat Nieruchomości, (2(84)), 4-13.

DOI: 10.14659/worej.2013.84.01

Dariusz Kloskowski - Problems of real estate economy in seaside municipalities where military objects are located

The paper presents problems of real estate economy in seaside municipalities in the context of proving grounds and other military facilities functioning in the area. Special attention has been paid to the development of a peculiar attitude of local communities and self-government authorities towards seaside military-purposed land

Key words: military objects; proving grounds; seaside municipalities

Citation (APA): Kloskowski, D. (2013). Problemy gospodarki nieruchomościami w gminach nadmorskich, w których zlokalizowane są obiekty wojskowe. Świat Nieruchomości, (2(84)), 14-19.

DOI: 10.14659/worej.2013.84.02

Marlena Jankowska, Mirosław Pawełczyk - Ownership in good faith as grounds for the acquisitive prescription of a predial servitude

In the amendment of the Civil Code introduced on 30th May 2008, the institution of the utility servitude was intended to regulate the legal state of utility facilities established on other people’s property. As it turns out, in practice, utility enterprises are not always interested in establishing a chargeable utility servitude through an agreement. With increasing frequency, these companies are turning to acquisitive prescription of a predial servitude resembling the utility servitude. This is particularly the case when they feel entitled to the servitude because they have owned facilities on somebody else’s land for decades. This would lead to the assumption that acquisitive prescription would mostly take place after a period of 30 years, and in bad faith, due to the difficulties in finding proof and determining good faith in relation to a utility servitude. However, a judgement of the Court of Appeal in Katowice dated 6th March 2012 provides an example of commuting the premise concerning the acquisition of ownership of an servitude in good faith by acquisitive prescription. An extensive explanation of the court has been presented in this paper.

Key words: predial servitude; utility servitude; usucaption; utility company; good faith

Citation (APA): Jankowska, M., Pawełczyk, M. (2013). Posiadanie w dobrej wierze jako przesłanka zasiedzenia służebności gruntowej. Świat Nieruchomości, (2(84)), 20-25.

DOI: 10.14659/worej.2013.84.03

Justyna Brzezicka - The seasonal character of real estate market

The article treats on  the issue of the real estate market seasonal character which was analyzed throughout the year. In the present paper the descriptions of calendar effects occurring in property market have been provided. The phenomenon of calendar variability of the real estate market has been presented. Moreover, the degree of investment attractiveness of particular months of the year has been established from the viewpoint of both the buyer and the seller. The study has a research character and it also summarizes previous research into the real estate market conducted in the behavioral mode.

Key words: real estate market; calendar effects; the seasonal character of real estate market

Citation (APA): Brzezicka, J. (2013). Sezonowość rynku nieruchomości. Świat Nieruchomości, (2(84)), 26-31.

DOI: 10.14659/worej.2013.84.04

Magdalena Frańczuk - Rent to Buy a Home – basic principles of the system. Comparison against the Polish law

The term Rent to Buy a Home can be defined as a rental of a property which leads to a purchase. This institution is directed mainly towards worse-off people who cannot afford to buy even a relatively inexpensive flat. The subject of the analysis is Rent to Homebuy program, which is promoted by the British government. The program functions in England, but is interesting due to the fact, that it is not known in Poland, and because it presents reasonable solutions that promote a kind of public housing. This present work is an analysis of the basic assumptions of the Rent to Homebuy scheme and an attempt to find a Polish equivalent of the legal structure matching the described system.

Key words: rent of real estate; property purchase; flat; funding; government program; housing

Citation (APA): Frańczuk, M. (2013). System Rent to Buy a Home – „wynajmij, żeby wykupić”. Podstawowe zasady działania systemu, porównanie na tle prawa polskiego. Świat Nieruchomości, (2(84)), 32-37.

DOI: 10.14659/worej.2013.84.05

Janusz Jeżak, Maciej W. Wierzchowski - A Dilemma of urbanization: sprawling or compact growth

One of the main objectives of the government document presenting the concept of town and country planning 'Polska 2030' (Poland 2030), is to restore and preserve the spatial order. The implementation of the concept requires:
• the implementation of space management monitoring;
• taking into account, in urban planning, the doctrine of organic planning;
• rational adaptation of foreign experience to Polish conditions;
• resolving the dilemma: dispersed urbanization - compact urbanization;
• elaboration of the concept of development based on dispersed built-up areas (Sprawling growth scenario) and compact built-up areas (compact growth scenario).
In the absence of financial means, the notations of the concept remains "on paper only". They were not followed by works allowing: the implementation of an integrated (cohesive and hierarchical) system of socio-economic and spatial planning neither the ordering of regulations meant to ensure the efficiency and universality of the spatial planning system, the institutional and quality strengthening of spatial planning

Key words: dilemma of urbanization; spatial planning; land for housing development; sprawling growth; compact growth

Citation (APA): Jeżak, J., Wierzchowski, M. W. (2013). Dylemat urbanizacji: wzrost rozproszony lub zwarty. Świat Nieruchomości, (2(84)), 38-43.

DOI: 10.14659/worej.2013.84.06

Beata Ziembicka - The building energy rating for the process of real estate valuation

The following article provides basic information concerning the Energy Performance Certificate talking into consideration its value in the process of real estate appraisal. In the process of value estimation an appraiser uses all necessary and available data concerning the real estate in question. As a result, the information included in the Energy Performance Certificate may have considerable influence on the process of real estate valuation

Key words: certificates of energy charakteristics; real estate; evaluation

Citation (APA): Ziembicka, B. (2013). Ocena energetyczna budynku w procesie szacowania wartości nieruchomośc. Świat Nieruchomości, (2(84)), 44-49.

DOI: 10.14659/worej.2013.84.07

Piotr Mirowski - Taxation of public-limited liability partnership companies in the aspect of developers’ tax optimization - conclusions of the Supreme Administrative Court resolution

The purpose of this article the presentation of one of the most important operational research methods applied particularly by holding capital structures dealing with property activity and the turnover with real estates in a broad meaning, and comparing this method with also the already applied solution, but which the operational research effect in the wider dimension sanctioned by the Supreme Administrative Court (NSA) composed of seven judges with resolution dated 16th January 2012 on taxation of a shareholder of public-limited liability partnership companies.  The article compares the optimization in taxation by means of a  limited investment fund and partnerships, in the context of  an interpretation of  the taxing applied to a shareholder of the company as provided by the  NSA resolution in question.

Key words: tax optimization; partnerships; real estate market; property; finance managing; tax law; holding; capital structure; tax structure; limited investment fund; tax saving

Citation (APA): Mirowski, P. (2013). Opodatkowanie spółek komandytowo akcyjnych w aspekcie optymalizacji podatkowej deweloperów – konkluzje z orzeczenia Naczelnego Sądu Administracyjnego. Świat Nieruchomości, (2(84)), 50-54.

DOI: 10.14659/worej.2013.84.08

Krzysztof Gradkowski - Method for determining value of earth structures in the context of local charges and taxes

Methods for determining an estimated value of building as a land annotations are relatively well known and quite common. However, some problems in the estimation are caused by buildings, landscape architecture and self-construction equipment, which more and more frequently become the subject of a separate value analysis resulting from the conditions contained in the relevant tax law. As an example of a peculiar analysis of the market value of the selected earth structures being a cut-earthworks has been selected. An example of peculiar market value estimation of a real property has been examined along with a proposal of its determination.

Key words: estimating value; excavation value; earth structures

Citation (APA): Gradkowski, K. (2013). Metoda określania wartości budowli ziemnych w kontekście opłat i podatków lokalnych. Świat Nieruchomości, (2(84)), 55-59.

DOI: 10.14659/worej.2013.84.09

Sypniewski Dominik - Building law reform: deregulation of construction permit

The discussion regarding the reform of the Polish building law has been kept alive for many years now. Obtaining a construction permit is both complicated and time-consuming, and the actions taken so far have proved to be ineffective. This article presents the main thesis of the draft guidelines to the new Building Law Act related to the deregulation of the building construction process and analyzes the structure of a construction permit under applicable law. The paper presents the positive experience of other countries in reforming the law related to construction showing the benefits of privatization of public tasks performed by the building administration.

Key words: construction permit; law reform; deregulation

Citation (APA): Sypniewski, D. (2013). Reforma prawa budowlanego a deregulacja pozwolenia na budowę. Świat Nieruchomości, (2(84)), 60-63.

DOI: 10.14659/worej.2013.84.10

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